COMMUNITY PREVENTION POLICY FOR ROMA IN EU
Provides significant input into the role of public and private support actions in preventing and addressing intimate discussion and conclusions on the way forward and structured dialogue at EU level
|Roma is one of the Europe’s most vulnerable, disadvantaged groups, and frequently face intolerance, discrimination and exclusion socially and economically; many lack access to housing, healthcare, social services, employment and education. Roma is Europe’s largest minority, with an estimated population of 10-12 million.|
European countries have both a National and EU responsibility to address the discrimination and social exclusion of the Roma. During the last 10 years, EU has established a Framework for greater protection against racism and racial discrimination for Roma. Several important legislative developments as a Directive 2000/43/EC (Racial Equality Directive), the Framework decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia, the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Lisbon Treaty etc. were implemented.
The EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020 (2011) asked its member states to adopt national strategies aimed at improving the economic and social situation of the Roma. This sets clear targets and engages EU member states, civil society and other stakeholders to address the exclusion experienced by the Roma in everyday life on three levels: personal, cultural and most important institutional. The last one includes public institutions like primary schools, health centers, social services, municipality and state administration, employment services, media. The most crucial is this institutional level which could turn status quo and changes will follow on other levels as well. The state has power to demand changes of curriculum at kindergarten and primary schools as well at university where professionals get their knowledge as public employees. Awareness raising among majority of population relates to knowledge and education. Technicians must be educated in ethnic sensitive communication, ethnic sensitive approach and “ethnic reality”. Racism has many faces and on personal level could be unconscious. Knowledge is the only way to recognize, aware it and avoid it. Media has a very important role in creation of public opinion and prejudice and stereotypes. Ethic code of journalist must be rule number one, where is necessary to respect social responsibility on first place instead of profit. Hate speech in any variation is harmful for all community and must be legally prosecuted. At finally Roma must have opportunity to public speak through media in own broadcast in TV and radio to represent their selves addressed to majority. One part of discrimination is invisibility and unheard-of group. To speak instead of them is usual approach which treats them incompetent and immature. To straighten their political influence is necessary to implement institute of Roma councilor in municipal administration in areas where Roma live. Institutional racism is also represented by facts that a lot of Roma is without legal personal documents, especially when we are talking about Roma migrants and refugees. Many of them they are treated simple as Roma and not also like refugees, so their position is different or worse. In camps in Italy live 4th and 5th generation of Roma refugees and they still don’t exist legal, they don’t have documents and they don’t have access to driving license, legal job, health services etc. Some of them escape before war official starts in former Yugoslavia because in some areas in Kosovo for example extreme national and racist policy with terror started nearly 10 years before war
All the interested organizations supporting the strategy can join the PAL project and team signing the “JOINT DECLARATION ON ROMA INTEGRATION THROUGH EUROPE” HERE and sent the signed versions at firstname.lastname@example.org